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Why do heart diseases cause so many deaths?

Heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide, far ahead of cancer or any other chronic disease.
According to a study by the World Health Organization (WHO), 17.3 million people died in 2008 because of cardiovascular disease. By 2030, this figure is expected to reach 23 million people a year.
Heart problems are often related to poor nutrition, sedentary lifestyle, environmental pollution and smoking, among others. Moreover, most people do not know the symptoms of these diseases, and wait too long before consulting a health professional.


heart-disease

Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis is a disease in which the plaque of atheroma accumulates inside the arteries, it causes hardening and narrowing of the arteries, the blood vessels that carry the blood from the heart to the whole body, they are bordered by a thin layer of cells called the endothelium that preserves the tone and flexibility of the arteries and facilitates blood circulation, atherosclerosis begins when high blood pressure, smoking and high cholesterol damage the endothelium, at this time the formation of cholesterol atheromatous plaque begins.

Atheromatous plaque consists of fat, cholesterol, calcium and other substances present in the blood, atherosclerosis is a gradual and silent process, it advances slowly, over time the atheromatous plaque hardens and narrows the arteries, it limits the flow of oxygen-rich blood to organs and other parts of the body.

There is usually a 50% risk of developing atherosclerosis at age 40, the risk increases with age, the majority of adults over the age of 60 have atherosclerosis but often have no visible symptoms, atherosclerosis can lead to serious problems like heart attacks, cardiovascular disease and stroke, and even death, cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death with more than 800,000 deaths, death rates of atherosclerosis have fallen by 25% for 30 years, it is thanks to better treatments and lifestyles of better quality.

Atherosclerosis and atheroma plaques

The atheroma plaques may behave differently, they may remain in the artery wall, the atheroma plaque reaches a certain size and stops, because they do not block the blood circulation, these plaque atheroma can never cause symptoms, they can also develop in a slow and controlled way in the path of the blood flow to finally cause major blockages, pain in the effort in the chest or in the legs are the symptoms however, atherosclerotic plaques may rupture suddenly, allowing the blood to clot, causing a stroke or heart attack.

Diseases linked to atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis can affect any artery in the body, including the arteries of the heart, brain, arms, legs and pelvis, as a result different diseases can appear depending on which arteries are affected, atheromatous plaques cause the three main types of cardiovascular disease. Atherosclerosis affects large arteries, while arteriosclerosis affects small arteries.

Coronary artery disease

Coronary artery disease is a fatal disease, it occurs when plaque of atheroma accumulates in the coronary arteries, these arteries supply the heart with oxygen-rich blood, the atheroma plaque narrows the coronary arteries and causes pain in the chest, it reduces blood flow to the heart muscle, atheroma plaque buildup also makes it more likely that blood clots form in the arteries that can block blood flow.

Sudden rupture of atheromatous plaque and coagulation causes obstruction of a coronary artery that can lead to heart attack, atheromatous plaque can also form in the small arteries of the heart, this disease is called microvascular disease coronary, the atheromatous plaque can accumulate evenly at random, or completely block the small arteries of the heart.

Cerebrovascular disease

Cerebrovascular disease occurs when plaque of atheroma accumulates in the carotid arteries, these arteries supply oxygen-rich blood to the brain, rupture of atheromatous plaques in the arteries of the brain causes a stroke, with a potential for permanent brain damage, if the blood flow to the brain is reduced or temporarily blocked in an artery it can also cause transient ischemic attacks that are early warning signs of stroke, however, there is no lesion brain.

Peripheral arterial disease

Peripheral arterial disease occurs when the atheromatous plaque accumulates in the large arteries that supply the legs, arms and pelvis, when the blood flow to these parts of the body is reduced or blocked it causes numbness, pain in walking and poor circulation, peripheral arterial disease leads to poor healing and sometimes serious infections that can lead to amputations.

Chronic kidney disease

Chronic kidney disease can occur when atheromatous plaque builds up in the renal arteries, these arteries supply oxygen-rich blood to the kidneys, over time chronic kidney disease causes a slow loss of kidney function, the main function of the kidneys is to eliminate waste and extra water.

Smoking and lack of exercise

Smoking can damage the inner lining of blood vessels, increasing the risk of atherosclerosis, nicotine narrows blood vessels, smokers are six times more likely to develop coronary heart disease, and smokers are three times more likely to develop the disease, long-term stress is related to artery damage, lack of exercise, a very sedentary life is a higher risk of developing the disease, foods containing trans fatty acids have several signs that are linked to a higher risk of developing the disease.

The troubles

Some disorders such as metabolic syndrome, hypertension increase the likelihood of developing coronary heart disease, high blood cholesterol level makes plaque accumulation and consequent atherosclerosis more likely, high cholesterol may be caused by a high levels of bad LDL cholesterol or low levels of good HDL cholesterol, diabetes is linked to a higher risk of developing the disease, especially type II diabetes, which is often caused by obesity, obese people have a higher risk of developing the disease, coronary heart disease, as well as other cardiovascular disorders seems more likely to occur if levels of homocysteine, an amino acid produced by the body, are elevated.

Cardio-vascular health

The risk of developing coronary heart disease is significantly lower with the maintenance of low levels of bad LDL cholesterol and high levels of good HDL cholesterol, lifestyle measures can help, physical activity, alcohol in moderation, no smoking, healthy and balanced diet, controlled blood pressure and diabetes, maintaining a healthy weight, reducing emotional and mental stress.

Increasing levels of omega-3 eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), either by consuming fish or fish oil supplements, has been found to improve a number of risk factors for cardiovascular disease, studies show that omega-3 can lower cholesterol, slightly lower than blood pressure, slow the progression of atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), and reduce the risk of heart attack, cardiovascular disease, and death in people with cardiovascular disease.

The benefits of omega-3

Omega 3 fatty acids have several health benefits, they can lower cholesterol level, reduce blood pressure, protect against heart attacks, relieve joint pain, fight against skin conditions, and improve memory.

Pomegranate and arteries

Pomegranate is a fruit that has great antioxidant power. It is rich in vitamins and has many medicinal properties. Several parts of this fruit are used for different diseases. Pomegranate is best known for reducing the risk of heart attack. It also improves blood flow in the heart and keeps the arteries free of fatty deposits.

Several studies have shown that pomegranate is one of the fruits that has the most benefits! It contains a lot of vitamin C, not to mention vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid), natural phenols, potassium, vitamin A, vitamin E and folic acid. In addition, pomegranate has high levels of antioxidants. These fight against free radicals and prevent cellular aging.

A recent study has shown that pomegranate can prevent and even reverse heart disease!

Atherosclerosis can be caused by hypertension, oxidative stress and cholesterol. These three imbalances are fought directly by the pomegranate.

This study has shown that pomegranate juice can reduce atherosclerosis by 25%.

Pomegranate can also help fight prostate cancer

Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men.

Laboratory studies have shown that pomegranate extract can slow the reproduction of cancer cells, and even induce apoptosis (cell death) in cancer cells.

Pomegranate can also be useful against breast cancer, lower blood pressure, help fight arthritis and joint pain, help treat erectile dysfunction, help fight bacterial and fungal infections, help improve memory, improve athletic performance and of course lower your risk of heart disease.

Dosage

8oz per day and this every day.


Good health!




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Sources
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Vasconcelos LC, Sampaio MC, Sampaio FC, Higino JS. Use of Punica granatum as an antifungal agent against candidosis associated with denture stomatitis. Mycoses. 2003
Bookheimer SY, Renner BA, Ekstrom A, Li Z, Henning SM, Brown JA, Jones M, Moody T, Small GW. Pomegranate juice augments memory and FMRI activity in middle-aged and older adults with mild memory complaints. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2013
Eric T. Trexler,a Abbie E. Smith-Ryan,a Malia N. Melvin,a Erica J. Roelofs,a and Hailee L. Wingfielda. The effects of pomegranate extract on blood flow and running time to exhaustion. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2014
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M. Aviram, N. Volkova, R. Coleman, M. Dreher, M. Kesava Reddy, D. Ferreira, M. Rosenblat « Pomegranate Phenolics from the Peels, Arils, and Flowers Are Antiatherogenic: Studies in Vivo in Atherosclerotic Apolipoprotein E-Deficient (E0) Mice and in Vitro in Cultured Macrophages and Lipoproteins » Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2008




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